Sunday, January 4, 2015

Selma: Of Moral Arcs and Men




One of the most fascinating things about Ava DuVernay’s Selma is the way history itself seems to become an actual character in it. But not in a portentous, solemn way. Depicting the explosive events in the Alabama city in 1965, which culminated with the epic march from Selma to Montgomery, the film seeks not to contain the entire Civil Rights struggle, or even to offer a biopic-style portrait of Martin Luther King, Jr. (played by the great David Oyelowo). Rather, it focuses on the machinations, negotiations, in-fighting, and backroom dealings that went into the organization of the march and Lyndon B. Johnson’s signing of the Voting Rights Act in 1965. Watching the film, I was occasionally reminded of Francesco Rosi’s political dramas of the 1960s and 70s. In films like The Mattei Affair, Rosi gave us the spectacle of men talking and arguing about process, activism, methods, and organizations – history told through the mundane poetry of acronyms and theory, the kind of thing most filmmakers would ruthlessly avoid. It takes a unique kind of patience, sobriety, and skill to make that compelling on a movie screen. DuVernay’s clearly got all of that.
 
Almost all of the characters in Selma know where history is headed. It’s largely a foregone conclusion throughout the film that some form of voting rights legislation will eventually be passed. But what it will contain, how it will happen, and when – there’s the rub. Waiting things out is not an option, as King makes it clear: If blacks can’t register to vote, he points out, they can’t serve on juries; and if they can’t serve on juries, then people who do things like bomb churches can’t be brought to justice. He also admits that voting rights can’t undo poverty, or crime, or the psychological poison brought on by centuries of oppression; his words are mirrored, ironically enough, by Alabama Governor George Wallace (Tim Roth), who later confesses to Lyndon B. Johnson that he fears voting rights will be just one more step in a march towards blacks getting jobs, political power, and social welfare.

And so, the dialogue -- tense, gripping, beautiful -- keeps reinforcing the notion that voting rights isn’t an end goal, but a critical step in a longer, deeper historical process. So, too, does the imagery. DuVernay is a ground-level director who likes to tell ground-level stories, and at first, she’s less interested in the more epic qualities of these events than she is in the intimacy and immediacy of faces. She often shoots her characters in close-up, at odd angles, using shallow focus; it’s an effective way to convey the sense that no one quite has the full picture, that even though people may understand the broader arc of history, they don’t necessarily know how to get there. Everybody’s flailing, in a sense, trying to figure out the next step.

But the focus on faces doesn’t mean that space is unimportant. We often see Dr. King in church or at home – the two spaces between which he finds himself torn in the film. (The scene where he and his wife tenderly reminisce about how he once talked about getting a small-town church, owning a comfortable home, and living a life of quiet domesticity is heartbreaking.) In his conversations with Lyndon B. Johnson (Tom Wilkinson), we also sense the burden of Johnson’s office. A discussion about whether voting rights should take precedence over other Presidential priorities is framed with a portrait of George Washington at the center top of the frame, as if it were bearing down on both men. Johnson, too, is looking to figure out the right way to act – to do so in such a way that history doesn’t ridicule him down the line. In Steven Spielberg’s Lincoln, The White House was filmed like a haunted house, filled with the ghosts of slavery, waiting for the light to finally come in. Here, it’s filmed like a prison, ringed on all sides by history. When Johnson discusses the protesters outside the gates or in the lobby, we sense the anxiety of a man under siege. But we never see those protesters, as if to underscore the idea that they’re as much in the abstract as they are flesh and blood.



It could be argued that both King and Johnson are two men struggling to inhabit their "offices" -- their greater roles within a broad historical arc. So, Selma culminates in two climactic moments, both of which are filmed with the kind of sweep that DuVernay has studiously avoided for much of the film: The march itself, which intercuts between elegant crane shots and newsreel footage, and Johnson’s “We shall overcome” speech of March 1965, which is given an appropriate level of pomp and circumstance. After all the backroom wheeling and dealing that the film has shown, it’s a refreshingly un-cynical portrait of a political leader assuming the power and nobility of his office.

Some have claimed that the film downplays Johnson’s role in the Selma protests and makes it seem as if he had to be dragged into signing the Voting Rights Act. I’m not a historian, but that seems irrelevant to me in this context. Because here we have a powerful depiction of what the Presidency can mean, even when it’s been compromised. To take an example from recent history: When Barack Obama publicly came out in support of gay marriage in 2012, for one instant, all the rumors and doublespeak and unfortunate, previously-staked positions briefly faded away. Even though it was clear that a ton of political crisis management had finally led to this moment, the moment still had incredible power. Selma, better than just about any recent historical film, portrays the tension between knowledge and action, between vision and work. It dares to unravel a historical process, even as it celebrates it.


39 comments:

  1. awesome intertextual comparison with *il caso mattei.* bravo bilge, as always.

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    I've gotten back with my ex boyfriend with the help of Dr.Great the best spell caster online and i highly recommends Dr.Great to anyone in need of help!.. I want to testify of how i got back my boyfriend after he breakup with me, we have been together for 3 years, recently i found out my boyfriend was having an affair with another Girl, when i confronted him, it led to quarrels and he finally broke up with me, i tried all i could to get him back but all to no avail until i saw a post in a relationship forum about a spell caster who helps people get back their lost love through Love spell, at first i doubted it but decided to give it a try, when i contacted this spell caster via his email, and he told me what to do and i did it, Then he did a Love spell for me. 28 hours later, my boyfriend really called me and told me that he miss me so much, So Amazing!! So that was how he came back that same day, with lots of love and joy, and he apologized for his mistake, and for the pain he caused me. Then from that day, our relationship was now stronger than how it were before, All thanks to DR.GREAT. he is so powerful and i decided to share my story on the Internet that Dr.Great real and powerful spell caster who i will always pray to live long to help his children in the time of trouble, if you are here and you need your Ex back or your husband moved to another woman, do not cry anymore, contact this powerful spell caster now. Here’s his contact: Email him at: infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com, you can also call him or add him on WhatsApp: +2348118829899 check out his  blog http://infinitylovespell1.blogspot.com you can also visit my blog at http://donnakelvin150.over-blog.com, THANKS TO DR.GREAT..  

    ReplyDelete
  13. I was diagnosed of herpes virus, I have tried all possible means to get cure but all my effort proved abortive, until a friend of mine introduced me to a herbal doctor called Chief Dr Lucky, who prepare herbal medicine to cure all kind of diseases including herpes virus (Herpes), when i contacted this herbal doctor via his email, he sent me herpes virus herbal medicine via courier service, when i received the herbal medicine he gave me step by step instructions on how to apply it, when i applied it as instructed i was totally cured from the virus within 3 weeks of usage. Contact this great herbal doctor today to get your cure. 

    Visit website : https://chiefdrluckyherbaltherapy.wordpress.com/
    What's App number : +2348132777335 
    Via Email : chiefdrlucky@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  14. Thank you Dr Jumba for your genuine spells. This is really incredible, and I have never experienced anything like this in my life. Before I came in contact with Dr Jumba, I have tried every possible means that I could to get my husband back, but I actually came to realize that nothing was working out for me, and my husband had developed a lot of hatred for me.. I thought there was no hope of reuniting with my husband until my friend told me about dr jumba and she gave me dr jumba website i googled it and read good reviews about Dr Jumba work , I decided to give it a try and I did everything that he instructed me and I trusted in him and followed his instructions just as he had guaranteed me in 24 hours, and that was exactly when my husband called me and ask for forgiveness that he his on his way to my house .. We are good more than ever. Everything looks perfect and so natural! Thank you so much for your authentic and indisputable spells. Thank you Dr Jumba for your help. If you need help in your marriage or broken relationship, contact Dr Jumba right now for urgent help Email: wiccalovespelltools@gmail.com OR wiccalovelovespelltools@yahoo.com View his website https://drjumbaspellhome.wordpress.com/ Call/WhatsApp him: +19085174108

    ReplyDelete
  15. Hello to everyone out here, I am here to share the unexpected miracle that happened to me … My name is Susan Christian , I live in London, UK. we got married for more than 9 years and have gotten two kids. thing were going well with us and we are always happy. until one day my husband started to behave in a way i could not understand, i was very confused by the way he treat me and the kids. later that month he did not come home again and he called me that he want a divorce, i asked him what have i done wrong to deserve this from him, all he was saying is that he want a divorce that he hate me and do not want to see me again in his life, i was mad and also frustrated do not know what to do, i was sick for more than 2 weeks because of the divorce. i love him so much he was everything to me without him my life is incomplete. i told my sister and she told me to contact a spell caster, i never believe in all this spell casting of a thing. i just want to try if something will come out of it. i contacted Dr Emu for the return of my husband to me, they told me that my husband have been taken by another woman, that she cast a spell on him that is why he hate me and also want us to divorce. then they told me that they have to cast a spell on him that will make him return to me and the kids, they casted the spell and after 24 hours my husband called me and he told me that i should forgive him, he started to apologize on phone and said that he still live me that he did not know what happen to him that he left me. it was the spell that he Dr Emu casted on him that make him come back to me today, me and my family are now happy again today. thank you Dr Emu for what you have done for me i would have been nothing today if not for your great spell. i want you my friends who are passing through all this kind of love problem of getting back their husband, wife , or ex boyfriend and girlfriend to contact Dr Emu ,if you need his help you can contact him through his private mail: emutemple@gmail.com or you can contact him through his website https://emutemple.wordpress.com/ fb page Https://web.facebook.com/Emu-Temple-104891335203341 and you will see that your problem will be solved without any delay.

    ReplyDelete
  16. MOST POWERFUL AND HONEST SPELL CASTER ONLINE , THANKS DR JUMBA FOR YOUR PERFECT LOVE SPELL .

    i want to testify of a powerful spell caster who return my ex boyfriend, it all started when i took his phone and saw a lady message him that she enjoyed the last time and i confronted him about it he was angry and and stop talking to me from that day he started acting strange then he told me he didn't want me anymore that he loves someone else i was so diver-stated i cried all day and night he blocked me from his Instagram and on phone so i couldn't reach him anymore this made me sad and cry even the more i was searching for help online when i saw a comment about Dr Jumba great work i contacted him and told him about my problems and i did everything he asked me to do he told me after 24hrs my ex will return back to me well i doubted him though because my ex didn't want to have anything to do with me anymore the next day to my greatest surprise he called me and was begging me to give him another chance now we are both happy together all thanks to Dr Jumba he can also help you Dr Jumba contact info below .
    wiccalovespelltools@yahoo.com or wiccalovespelltools@gmail.com

    website : https://drjumbaspellhome.wordpress.com/

    WhatsApp: +19085174108

    ReplyDelete
  17. Natural Herbal Medicine To Cure {HERPES DISEASE} TOTALLY HERE 
    Do you need a solution to cure your Herpes Disease contact Chief Dr Lucky to help and he will surely help you to cure your Herpes Virus .. I have suffered from Herpes-2 Virus for 4years ago that almost took my life. But one day I was searching the internet and I found Chief Dr Lucky saw so many testimonies on how Chief Dr Lucky helps people in curing their deadly diseases, and I contacted Chief Dr Lucky, asked him for solutions and he started the remedies for my health. He prepared herbal medicine for me and I received the herbal medicine and after using it for 2 weeks my condition has greatly improved, all my symptoms including Abdominal pain, Nausea and vomiting, Loss of appetite stopped, so I went to my doc and was confirmed negative. I am Herpes Virus free! contact the herbal doctor via his email> chiefdrlucky@gmail.com also visit his fb page> http://facebook.com/chiefdrlucky Website> Https://chiefdrluckyherbaltherapy.wordpress.com/ or his cell number / WhatsApp> +2348132777335

    ReplyDelete
  18. Hello I'm so happy sharing this, I still can’t thank you enough powerful Priest Ade, My husband left for a younger lady because i was unable to give birth due to PCOS,I was so devastated i was lonely i cried a lot i even tried taking my life, Then my friend told me about this great man Priest Ade who helped her made her marriage perfect, I also went online and did more research about him i was not too sure but i decided to give him a try he told me not to worry everything was going to be alright, He told me all i needed to pay which was a convenient fee and i did and he did his work and sent me video proof and told me to wait 24hrs that he will be back, The next morning to my greatest surprise it was Shawn my husband on his knees begging I'm so happy, It didn’t stop there, I'm proud to say that I'm 3 weeks pregnant thank you so much Priest Ade I'm forever grateful contact him ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com
    WhatsApp +234 905 472 7023
    Website https://ancientspiritspell.wordpress.com

    ReplyDelete
  19. God bless Dr. IYASE for his marvelous work in my life, I was diagnosed of HERPES since 2018 and I was taking my medicines, I wasn't satisfied i needed to get the HERPES out of my system, I searched about some possible cure for HERPES i saw a comment about Dr.IYASE, how he cured HERPES with his herbal medicine, I contacted him and he guided me. I asked for solutions, he started the remedy for my health, he sent me the medicine through UPS SPEED POST. I took the medicine as prescribed by him and 17 days later i was cured from HERPES, thank you email him directly driyaseherblahome@gmail.com website  driyaseherblahome@gmail.com    Dr IYASE ONCE AGAIN THANK YOU SIR
    Dr IYASE cure the flowing virus, or add him on whatsapp/calls directly  +2347057052206  //    +255688381932
    1 Get your Ex back ( Marriage problem solution)
    2 diabetes cure
    3 ringing ear
    4 herpes cure
    5 Fibroid cure
    6 HPV cure
    7 Hiv
    8 Cancer
    9 pregnancy herbal medicine
    10 prostate enlargement11 Hepatitis B  
    12 Riches Spell 
    THANKS FOR YOUR SUPORT EVERYONE 

    ReplyDelete
  20. I'm 40 years old female I tested genital herpes (HSV1-2) positive in 2016. I was having bad outbreaks. EXTREMELY PAINFUL. I have try different kinds of drugs and treatment by the medical doctors all to know was avail. Six months ago I was desperately online searching for a helpful remedies for genital herpes (HSV1-2) cure, which I come across some helpful remedies on how Dr OYAGU have help so many people in curing genital herpes (HSV1-2) with the help of herbal treatment because I too believe there is someone somewhere in the world who can cure herpes completely. At of the past 2 months, however, I've been following his herpes protocol and it stopped all outbreaks completely! To my greatest surprise I was cured completely by following the protocol of his herbal medicine . Don't be discouraged by the medical doctors. There is a cure for HSV with the help of herbs and roots by a herbalist Dr call Dr OYAGU he is so kind and truthful with his herbal treatment, kindly contact him for more information Via oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com or WhatsApp DR on +2348101755322 or visit his website https://oyaguspellcaster.wixsite.com/oyaguherbalhome you will be lucky as I am today

    ReplyDelete
  21. I read your article, you give informative information about Astrology. I was searching for this particular information for a very long. 
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  22. I'm 40 years old female I tested genital herpes (HSV1-2) positive in 2016. I was having bad outbreaks. EXTREMELY PAINFUL. I have try different kinds of drugs and treatment by the medical doctors all to know was avail. Six months ago I was desperately online searching for a helpful remedies for genital herpes (HSV1-2) cure, which I come across some helpful remedies on how Dr OYAGU have help so many people in curing genital herpes (HSV1-2) with the help of herbal treatment because I too believe there is someone somewhere in the world who can cure herpes completely. At of the past 2 months, however, I've been following his herpes protocol and it stopped all outbreaks completely! To my greatest surprise I was cured completely by following the protocol of his herbal medicine . Don't be discouraged by the medical doctors. There is a cure for HSV with the help of herbs and roots by a herbalist Dr call Dr OYAGU he is so kind and truthful with his herbal treatment, kindly contact him for more information Via oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com or WhatsApp DR on +2348101755322 or visit his website https://oyaguspellcaster.wixsite.com/oyaguherbalhome you will be lucky as I am today

    ReplyDelete
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  25. Greetings to everyone  reading this testimony. I was rejected by my husband after three(3) years of marriage just because another woman had a spell on him and he left me and the kids home and moved in with the lady . one day I was reading articles about spell casters , I clicked this YouTube link https://youtu.be/kBvs5nQcjWo   and read how Dr Jumba helped a woman to get back her lover within 24 hours  and i gave him a reply to his address and he told me not to worry he will help me bring back  my husband and make him love me forever. I believed him and today I am glad to let you all know that Dr Jumba's powerful spell worked for me perfectly. i highly recommend Dr jumba for more information about Dr jumba below are his website and Facebook page . website :  https://drjumbaspellhome.wordpress.com .  Facebook :    https://www.facebook.com/Wicca-spell-tools-102869698481356

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